Thyroid and Parathyroid Disorders

The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland. Its location is at the front of the neck, and it secretes two hormones: thyroxine and triiodothyronine. These hormones are the requirements of all cells of the body to function normally. It also balances metabolism, body temperature, and pulse rate.

Causes Of Thyroid And Parathyroid Disorders

Thyroid disorders occur when too much or too little hormone is secreted. It disturbs the cell’s functionality, including regulating fats, proteins, carbohydrates, heat production, etc. 

The pituitary gland and the thyroid gland work together in hormonal secretion. The pituitary gland signals the thyroid gland to release the thyroid hormone. The imbalance leads to hypothyroidism and hyperthyroid. The parathyroid gland is behind the thyroid gland, and it regulates bone minerals – especially calcium.

  • Hyperparathyroidism occurs when the calcium levels are higher than the threshold. It leads to kidney stones, chronic fatigue, osteoporosis, etc. 
  • Hypoparathyroidism occurs when the calcium levels are lower than the threshold level. It leads to adverse effects on muscles, nervous systems, and other structures.

Diseases that can cause hypoparathyroidism and hyperparathyroidism can include thyroid nodules, Hashimoto’s disease, vitamin D deficiency, and Graves’ diseases.

Thyroid And Parathyroid Disorders Treatment

We deal with hyperparathyroidism and hypoparathyroidism disorders led by an imbalance in phosphorus and calcium levels. 

Thyroid and parathyroid disorders treatment is through physical history, comprehensive tests, blood tests, and then an ultrasound. Ultrasound helps to detect abnormalities in the neck area. The needle biopsy in ultrasound helps to analyze the lymph nodes in the neck. 

If the results are not clear or the condition is severe, other imaging tests take place. These tests include MRI, CAT scan, and nuclear medicine test.

The severity of the disorder varies from person to person and may include primary, secondary, and tertiary hyperparathyroidism. 

Our parathyroid specialist in Houston, Tx has exceptional thyroid expertise. We use the latest equipment and treatments to deal with the complexities of parathyroid disease. Our expert clinical staff and years of experience have resulted in the success of most of the cases.

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